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1 One of Masazane's daughters, Minamoto no Rinshi (源倫子) married Fujiwara no Michinaga and from this marriage three empresses dowagers and two regents (sesshō) were born.

2 The family reached the peak of its power under Fujiwara no Michinaga (966–1027).

3 By the year 1000, Fujiwara no Michinaga was able to enthrone and dethrone emperors at will.

4 Fujiwara no Michinaga (藤原 道長, 966 –

5 He was also known as Atsunari-shinnō. Atsuhira was the second son of Emperor Ichijō. His mother, Fujiwara no Akiko/Shōshi (藤原彰子) (988–1074), was a daughter of Fujiwara no Michinaga.

6 Atsuhira became emperor at the age of 8, upon the abdication of his first cousin once removed, Emperor Sanjō. During the initial years of Go-Ichijō's reign, Fujiwara no Michinaga actually ruled from his position as sesshō (regent).

7 Empress (chūgū): Fujiwara no Ishi (藤原威子; 999–1036), Fujiwara no Michinaga’s third daughter.

8 His father was Emperor Ichijō. His mother was Fujiwara no Akiko/Shōshi (藤原彰子), the daughter of Fujiwara no Michinaga (藤原道長).

9 Crown Princess (died before Emperor's accession): Fujiwara no Yoshiko (藤原嬉子; 1007-1025), Fujiwara no Michinaga‘s 6th daughter Consort (Nyōgo): Fujiwara no Nariko/Seishi (藤原生子; 1014–1068), Fujiwara no Norimichi‘s eldest daughter.

10 His mother was Fujiwara no Kishi (藤原嬉子), formerly Naishi-no kami, daughter of Fujiwara no Michinaga.

11 In about 1005, she was invited to serve as a lady-in-waiting to Empress Shōshi at the Imperial court by Fujiwara no Michinaga, probably because of her reputation as a writer.

12 Murasaki was writing at the height of the Fujiwara clan's power—Fujiwara no Michinaga was the Regent in all but name, and the most significant political figure of his day.

13 By the year 1000, Fujiwara no Michinaga was able to enthrone and dethrone emperors at will.

14 Mitsunaka's eldest son, Minamoto no Yorimitsu (948–1021), became the protégé of Fujiwara no Michinaga;

15 His father and mother were grandchildren of Fujiwara no Michinaga maternally.

16 Later Ichijō had two sons by Fujiwara no Shōshi, the daughter of Fujiwara no Michinaga, and Michinaga expected his grandson to ascend to the throne as soon as possible.

17 Empress (Chūgū): Fujiwara no Kenshi (藤原妍子), Fujiwara no Michinaga‘s 2nd daughter.

18 After he died, one of the most powerful members of the Fujiwara clan, Fujiwara no Michinaga, purchased the property from the courtier's widow.

19 The young Emperor Ichijō was under the influence of his uncle Fujiwara no Michinaga from the start of his reign, though Michinaga's true ascent to political dominance did not begin until 995 after the deaths of his older brothers and the exile of his political rival and nephew, Korechika.

20 Second was Shōshi (or Akiko), a daughter of Fujiwara no Michinaga, a younger brother of Michitaka.